Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a circulatory condition caused by the blockage of fatty deposits and calcium building up in the walls of the arteries that cause narrowing of the arteries and reduce blood flow to the limbs. If left untreated PAD can cause even more serious complications such as an increased risk of heart disease, stroke or limb amputation.
Certain risk factors contribute to the development of PAD. Some of these are:
- Age: According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) one in every 20 Americans over the age of 50 has PAD. Age combined with other factors such as gender, smoking or a history of vascular disease increases the risk even more. As the US population ages, more people are developing Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD).
- Gender: Men over the age of 50 are at a higher risk for PAD than women.
- Genetics: According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) African Americans are more than twice as likely to have PAD as their Caucasian counterparts.
- Medical history: A history of vascular disease, heart attack or stroke also increases the risk for PAD.
- Smoking: Smoking is one of the strongest risk factors for developing PAD. If you are a smoker you are between 2 and 4 times more likely to have PAD than a non-smoker.
- High blood pressure or cholesterol: A higher blood pressure especially if it is not under control and a higher cholesterol level increase the risk for this condition.
- Dialysis: Kidney problems and improper functioning of kidneys increases the risk for PAD. 15 to 20% of people on dialysis will have PAD.
- Family history: If you have multiple family members with Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) or if heart disease runs in your family you are at a higher risk for PAD.
Anyone can get PAD but if you fall in the risk category be concerned about the following symptoms:
- Pain in the legs when at rest
- Tiredness or fatigue in the legs while walking that stops with rest.
- One leg feels colder than the other.
- Non-healing ulcers or wounds on lower legs and toes.
- Toe nails with poor growth.
- Reduced or no hair growth on the legs.
- Skin discoloration of legs and toes.
At USA Vascular Centers we offer a minimally invasive and non-surgical treatment for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) during which the blood circulation to the blocked artery is regulated and the symptoms and pain gradually improves.. If you are suffering from symptoms of PAD call (888) 628 9389 to schedule a consultation with our leading vein and vascular specialists. Treatments at USA Vascular Centers are covered by Medicare and most insurance plans.