What is PAD Disease? 10 Common Questions

Peripheral Artery Disease

PAD Treatment

Q1. I have Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). What do I do now?

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a condition caused by the blockage or narrowing of arteries due to plaque build-up. If left untreated, PAD can lead to even more serious complications like heart stroke or limb amputation. If you are experiencing signs of this common yet serious vascular disease, talk to your physician and get treatment as soon as possible. In addition to treatment if you are smoker quit smoking, if you have diabetes, high blood pressure or cholesterol make sure to get that under control.

Q2. What are the symptoms of PAD?

Some of the most common symptoms of PAD are:

  • Cramping or tiredness in leg muscles while walking or exercising(intermittent claudication) which goes away at rest
  • Pain in the legs or feet
  • Numbness or loss of sensation in the affected limb
  • Slow or non-healing wounds
  • Different temperature in one leg as compared to the other
  • Decreased hair and nail growth
  • Foot pain even at rest

Q3. Am I at risk for PAD?

According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) men over the age of 50 are at a higher risk of PAD. Other risk factors are smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol, Coronary Heart Disease, stroke, metabolic syndrome and dialysis.

Q4. Why is PAD a wake-up call?

The symptoms of PAD should be taken seriously as they can be a red flag to more extensive problems such as heart disease. Sometimes people consider leg pain to be a sign of aging and believe that narrowing of arteries only happens in the heart. Yet, for some people leg pain is caused by PAD and acts as an “early warning” to be at a higher risk for heart attack or stroke.

Q5. What is the relationship between PAD and intermittent claudication?

Claudication is leg pain that occurs during exercise, especially walking; The pain is due to insufficient blood flow in the legs (caused by blocked arteries). Intermittent means the pain comes and goes. Intermittent claudication is one of the most classic symptoms of PAD.

Q6. Can PAD Symptoms improve on their own?

Certain lifestyle changes can sometimes improve PAD symptoms. But it takes years for arteries to be blocked and the only solution is appropriate treatment.

Q7. What are my treatment options?

Some of the most common treatment options for PAD are: Bypass grafting, angioplasty and stent placement and atherectomy

Q8. What treatments are available at USA Vascular Centers?

At USA Vascular Centers, we offer a highly effective, minimally invasive and non-surgical treatment for PAD. A tiny image-guided tube (catheter) is inserted in to the affected artery and then expanded through a small mesh to regulate blood flow. Stent angioplasty is an outpatient procedure and the patient can resume normal activities after a short recovery.

Q9. What happens after a Stent Angioplasty procedure?

After a stent angioplasty procedure the pain and cramping caused by PAD is reduced and patient’s quality of life and mobility is improved.

Q10. Does insurance cover the cost of my PAD Treatment?

All treatments at USA Vascular Centers are covered by Medicare and most insurance plans. We have a dedicated insurance department to help our patients with any insurance-related questions.

If you have any more questions or concerns about PAD and treatment options, don’t hesitate to call 888.773.2193. Our on-site representatives are happy to answer any questions you may have regarding insurance, treatment cost, setting up an appointment and more. At USA Vascular Centers, we want our patients to feel good about their treatment decisions. We offer safe, effective treatment for PAD, so you don’t have to suffer with symptoms anymore. 


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