Leg and Foot Discoloration: Peripheral Artery Disease Could be The Cause

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a serious health condition that can cause a range of painful symptoms. The most common one is claudication, muscle pain or weakness that begins with physical activity, such as walking, and stops within minutes after resting. Another potential issue is skin discoloration on legs and feet.

PAD can impact your ability to walk, climb stairs, and perform daily activities. It also places you at risk for several dangerous health issues, including heart attack, stroke, and limb amputation. 

If you experience leg discoloration or other PAD symptoms, we recommend consulting a vascular specialist. At USA Vascular Centers, we care about your vascular health and overall quality of life. Our leading experts can work with you to establish a personalized treatment plan.

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How Does PAD Cause Leg Discoloration?

PAD is most often caused by atherosclerosis, a narrowing or blockage of the arteries due to plaque buildup. When arteries leading to the legs develop atherosclerosis, you may experience insufficient blood flow to your lower extremities.

Poor circulation due to PAD can lead to blood vessels that burst near the surface of the skin, arterial ulcers, and tissue damage. These issues can change the appearance of your skin and lead to leg discoloration. 

Skin discoloration on lower extremities may appear as purple/blue legs. If you develop red, blue, or purple feet or legs, contact your doctor as soon as possible for a full evaluation. Skin discoloration can be a sign of serious vascular disease that can place you at risk for a number of dangerous health issues.

Keep in mind that there are many potential reasons for skin discoloration on the legs, including sunburn, birthmarks, eczema, cancer, and poor circulation. Your doctor can determine whether you are experiencing discoloration due to a vascular problem or something else.

How To Treat Leg and Lower Extremity Discoloration Caused by PAD

PAD treatment aims to restore blood flow to the lower extremities. After treatment, your leg discoloration and other symptoms should improve.

At USA Vascular Centers, PAD treatment has three primary goals:

  • Alleviate symptoms
  • Reduce risks of heart attack, stroke, and limb amputation
  • Improve your quality of life

We believe in working individually with each of our patients to develop a personalized treatment plan. Once established, your treatment plan may include:

    • Lifestyle modifications: Your arteries may benefit from making certain lifestyle changes. Our experts generally recommend maintaining a healthy Body Mass Index (BMI), eating a well-rounded diet, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, and managing underlying health conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol levels. 
    • Medications: Our doctors may prescribe medications to promote better blood circulation throughout the body. If you are prescribed medications, be sure to take them exactly as instructed.
    • Medical procedures: If a severe blockage in your arteries is present, your vascular specialist may recommend treatment to restore blood flow to your legs. At USA Vascular Centers, we perform a range of minimally invasive, outpatient treatments including angioplasty, stent placement, and atherectomy.

When you are ready to explore treatment options for lower leg discoloration due to PAD, we encourage you to schedule an appointment at one of our accredited treatment centers.

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Schedule a Consultation With USA Vascular Today

If discoloration on the feet or legs is caused by peripheral artery disease, our vascular specialists can help. Our PAD experts offer non-surgical treatment that can improve your symptoms and your quality of life. 

We understand that a PAD diagnosis can be scary. The good news is that with treatment, you can live a full and productive life. To discover which treatment option is best for you, request a consultation today.

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Timely detection and treatment of PAD can improve the quality of your life; help you keep your independence and mobility; and reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke, leg amputation, and even death.

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