Peripheral Arterial Disease
In treating PAD, the overall goals are to reduce any symptoms, improve quality of life and mobility, and prevent heart attack, stroke and amputation.
There are three main approaches to PAD treatment: Making lifestyle changes; taking medication; and in some cases, having a special procedure to restore the flow of blood to blocked arteries. Your Vascular Specialist will determine the best options for you, based on your medical history and the severity of your condition.
If you have PAD or are aiming to prevent it, a specialist may encourage you to quit smoking, lower your high blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood glucose levels, follow a healthy eating plan, lose weight, and get moving.
In addition to lifestyle changes, a specialist may also prescribe one or more medications to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, treat diabetes, prevent the formation of blood clots, and help reduce leg pain.
If the blood flow in one of your limbs is completely or almost completely blocked, you may benefit from having a procedure in addition to medications and lifestyle changes. Procedures such as stent angioplasty improve the blood circulation to your legs and your ability to walk, and lessen the frequency and intensity of pain. Stent Angioplasty is commonly used to restore the flow of blood to blocked arteries. The non-surgical procedure is fast, virtually painless and minimally invasive–yet highly effective. It involves inserting a tiny tube (catheter) into the affected artery, which implants a small mesh stent that is expanded by a tiny balloon. As the stent expands, it compresses the formation of plaque so that the blood can flow freely through the artery.